The term Positive Peace is a relatively modern term, steeped in a long and fascinating history.

 
 

Positivepeace.org provides a free resource for anybody interested in Positive Peace, and investigates how we as a global community can bring about a more peaceful future.

“War appears to be as old as mankind, but peace is a modern invention”
— Sir Henry Maine

“Finding peaceful solutions to the world's increasingly complex problems will be a huge task, which must also be based upon knowledge, experience and research.”  
— His Holiness the Dalai Lama

"Positive Peace shines a light in the direction that a system needs to evolve towards. Positive Peace provides a framework to understand, and then address the multiple and complex challenges the world faces. Positive Peace is transformational."
—IEP Positive Peace Report 2017

 
 

Our understanding of the term 'peace' has evolved significantly over the last 2,500 years.

 
 

Introduced into academic literature by the Norwegian pioneer of peace research Johan Galtung, who distinguished two types of peace:

Negative peacewhich is defined by the absence of war and violence

Positive peacewhich is defined by a more lasting peace that is built on sustainable investments in economic development and institutions as well as societal attitudes that foster peace.

 
 

Positive Peace opposes what is known as the 'structures and cultures of violence'. These structures and cultures can cause people to behave violently, or impose violence on others.

This definition has since increased in popularity, and is now widely used by academics and politicians alike. But in order to fully understand the idea of Positive Peace and its implementation, we need to understand the history of Positive Peace.

Our understanding of the term 'peace' has evolved significantly over the last 2,500 years, and its long historical pedigree is explored here through this website.

 
 

A free digital resource for anybody interested in Positive Peace.

 
 

Hosted by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), this website provides a free resource for anybody interested in Positive Peace and how we as a global community can bring about a more peaceful future.

In order to provide useful selection criteria for the events, organisations, structures and ideas populating this timeline, we use the definition of Positive Peace introduced and utilised in products such as the Global Peace Index, and in related publications.

IEP is grateful to Tom Woodhouse, Professor Emeritus, University of Bradford for his kind assistance in the creation of this website.